Political Spectrum

The political term Left & Right refers to the seating arrangement in the French Estates General. The people who sat on the left side opposed the monarchy and supported secularism & the people who sat on the right side were supportive of the traditional institutions. Use of term “Left” become more prominent after 1815.

It is considered by many leaders that the Social values are as important as economic values for a better society.



Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable.

The Core values are conservative, cultural, efficiency, tradition, property rights, free market, rule of law & small government.


Left-wing politics supports social equality and opposition to social hierarchy.

The core values are absolute state control, economic position done by state planning or communes, (communism or democratic socialism)


Lean to leftism but closer to centre than other left-wing parties.


Lean to rightism but closer to centre than other right-wing parties.

The personalities mentioned in each quadrant are based on our understanding of their public decisions & speeches given.

Each quadrant has different set of values and it is impossible to apply all the values for each and every personalities mentioned in the quadrant.

I Quadrant: (Hitler, Winston Churchill)

Neo-conservative – Core values are free-market capitalism, interventionist foreign policies, global assertion of national values

Authoritarian (falls close to vertical line of political spectrum) – Core values are favouring or enforcing strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.

Fascism (falls close to vertical line of political spectrum) – Core values are ultra nationalism & authoritative.

II Quadrant: (Fidel Castro, Stalin)

Progressivism – Believed that the problems faced by a society (poverty, violence, greed, racism, class warfare) could best be addressed by providing good education, a safe environment, and an efficient workplace.

III Quadrant: (Mahatma Gandhi, William Godwin, Nelson Mandela)

Democratic – Rule by people.

IV Quadrant: (Karl Marx, Milton Friedman)

Paleo-conservative – Advocates extremely traditional forms of conservatism.

Libertarianism – Liberty as core principle and it has many individual concepts like free migration, free trade, free market, anti-capitalism, etc.

Neo-liberalism (falls close to Horizontal line of political spectrum) – Transfer control of economic factors from public sector to private sector, free-market capitalism, away from government spending, regulation, and public ownership.

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